• Learn to Manage Pests Naturally
  • Driving Near Recently Sprayed Fields Exposes People to Pesticides
  • Learn To Manage Weeds Without Chemical Pesticides
  • Link to SK Organic Resources
  • Learn About Colony Collapse Disorder and How to Protect Bees
  • Learn to Keep Insects Out of your Crops
  • SNAP Tour of Organic Vegetable Garden
  • LIving Near Fields Increases Pesticide Exposure
  • Grow a Lush Garden Organically
  • Learn About Pesticides in Foods

Archives for 2019

Saturday, April 20, 2019

Filmmaker & Former Groundskeeper Who Sued Monsanto & Won To Premiere Film “Ground War”

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Filmmaker & Former Groundskeeper Who Sued Monsanto & Won To Premiere Film “Ground War”

(Beyond Pesticides, April 2, 2019) The new documentary film “Ground War” will have its New York City premiere screening on Saturday, April 6, 2019, 7:30pm at Florence Gould Hall, 55 East 59th Street, New York, NY. The film is a moving depiction of a son’s quest for answers about the cause of his father’s cancer—which takes him into the world of doctors, scientists, pesticide regulators, victims of pesticide poisoning, activists, and land managers.

filed uder health/cancer

Saturday, April 20, 2019

Organic Farming Curbs the Spread of Foodborne Pathogens, According to Study

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Organic Farming Curbs the Spread of Foodborne Pathogens, According to Study. (Beyond Pesticides, April 18, 2019)   

Organic farming promotes natural resistance to common foodborne human pathogens, according to a study that evaluates the benefit of soil organisms. By protecting valuable species of dung beetles and soil bacteria, organic farming systems naturally act to clean up and decompose potentially pathogen-bearing animal feces. 

filed under organics/health

Saturday, April 20, 2019

European Regulators Ban Carcinogenic, Frog-Killing Fungicide

about fungicide chlorothalonil

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European Regulators Ban Carcinogenic, Frog-Killing Fungicide

(Beyond Pesticides, April 4, 2019) Contamination of drinking water with toxic breakdown products and risks to fish and and amphibians has led to a ban on the fungicide chlorothalonil in the European Union (EU)... Chlorothalonil has been in use since the 1960s, yet only now are regulators beginning to understand its impacts to human health, water quality, pollinators and aquatic species; after half a century and tens of millions of pounds of use. Cases like these are not rare, or an exception, but frustratingly common in the world of pesticide regulation.' SNAP Comment: There are currently 36 chlorothalonil  products registered for use by the PMRA in Canada..

filed under Legislation/Regulatory/Europe

Saturday, April 20, 2019

Despite Safety Claims, Insecticide Flupyradifurone Is Bee-Toxic on Its Own and Worse in Combination

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Despite Safety Claims, Insecticide Flupyradifurone Is Bee-Toxic on Its Own and Worse in Combination  (Beyond Pesticides, April 17, 2019)

'It functions in the same way as a neonicotinoid, though it is in the butanolide family.' Link to study in article. 'It also delves into the FPF’s synergistic effects with a commonly used fungicide propiconazole (PRO).'.  

SNAP Comment: As of 20 April 2019, this insecicide does not appear to be registered in Canada.

filed uder Flupyradifurone

Saturday, April 20, 2019

Autism Linked to Wide Range of Commonly Used Pesticides

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Autism Linked to Wide Range of Commonly Used Pesticides

(Beyond Pesticides, March 27, 2019) Exposure to commonly used pesticides in the womb and during the first year of life is linked to a higher risk of developing autism, according to the study, “Prenatal and infant exposure to ambient pesticides and autism spectrum disorder in children: population based case-control study,” published in the journal BMJ last week. Although the study does not reveal a causal link, it adds to previous literature highlighting autism risks from pesticide exposure,

filed under autism

Saturday, April 20, 2019

Europe’s Waterways Contaminated by Pesticides and Antibiotics

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Europe’s Waterways Contaminated by Pesticides and Antibiotics

(Beyond Pesticides, April 11, 2019) A recent study of 29 discrete, small European waterways found ubiquitous pesticide contamination. Analyzed samples contained a total of 103 different pesticides and 21 veterinary drugs... Pesticides find their way into water systems via dry deposition (absorption of particles from the atmosphere), pesticide drift, and runoff from contaminated soils...There were 24 unapproved pesticides in the water samples. Rather than illegal current use, it is more likely that these are leftover pesticides from former, legal applications and are only now leaching into the waterways.'

SNAP's Comment: If they had checked for human used drugs, the contamination would likely have been much worse. 

filed under water

Saturday, April 20, 2019

Neonicotinoid Insecticides Found to Disrupt Insects’ Vision and Flying Ability

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Neonicotinoid Insecticides Found to Disrupt Insects’ Vision and Flying Ability  (Beyond Pesticides, April 19, 2019) link to the original study.." “Our findings suggest that very low doses of the pesticide or its metabolic products can profoundly and negatively affect motion detection systems that flying insects, such as locusts, grasshoppers and bees, need for survival,” said Jack Gray, PhD, an expert in neural control of animal behavior at the University of Saskatchewan.' 'The results show that exposure significantly impairs how locusts to respond to visual stimuli. Researchers found that roughly an hour following an initial exposure, most of the insects either were unable to fly or flew very poorly, unable to respond to stimuli or avoid objects in their flight path. Interestingly, the impacts were more pronounced when exposed to the breakdown products of the pesticide than the active ingredient itself.'

filed under neonicotinoids

Tuesday, April 16, 2019

Toxicity of formulants and heavy metals in glyphosate-based herbicides and other pesticides

includes several charts including fig 6: the sum of heavy metals in formulations

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Toxicity of formulants and heavy metals in glyphosate-based herbicides and other pesticides
(Toxicol Rep. 2018; 5: 156–163, Published online 2017 Dec 30) 

SNAP Comment: I am sure Seralini’s study is accurate, however he works in France and of most of the products listed on the chart, few appear registered under these names in Canada. It doesn’t mean there is no heavy metal contamination in Canadian products, but simply that no one looked. I suspect that, with the low concentrations identified, heavy metals are more contaminants than formulants.

'In Fig. 6, we observe that the sum of heavy metals in formulations after their different recommended dilutions can reach up to 80 ppb.'

Glyphosate herbicides under Glyphosate Isopropylamine Salt (https://www.trc-canada.com/product-detail/?G765004} have the following listed under synonyms: Bayer Glyphosate Concentrate (same as Bayer GC), Clinic E.V, Glyfos AU; Glyfos BIO (same as Glyfos?), Glyphogan) but all listed under the same CAS number 38641-94-0

Other herbicides: 6160 2,4-D products registered but 0 under 'Lonpar', 0 Isoproturon and 0 Fluoroxypyr.

Fungicides: 18 Folpet products registered including 3 under “Folpan’, 0 under Prochloraze, 32 Tebuconazole products but 0 under 'Maronee', 0 Epoxiconazole, 13 Boscalid products but 0 under 'Pictor', 3 Fenhexamid products including 0 under 'Teldor'.

Insecticides: 29 Chlorpyrifos products including 3 under ‘Pyrinex’, 0 Acetamipride

filed under formulants/inerts

 

Monday, April 1, 2019

Pesticide-Free Towns Campaign gains momentum (in the UK)

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Pesticide-Free Towns Campaign gains momentum (in the UK)

(PAN UK, March 22nd, 2019) Not long after the recent news from the London Borough of Croydon, which has ended the use of pesticides in all its public parks and green spaces, we have news from three major UK cities that are switching to pesticide-free: Bristol, Derry and Trafford, joining the ranks of Hammersmith & Fulham, Lewes, Wadebridge, Glastonbury and others.

filed under bylaws/International

Friday, March 29, 2019

New Report Documents Impacts of GM Contamination in Canada

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Media Release: New Report Documents Impacts of GM Contamination in Canada (CBAN. March 26, 2019)

'The costs of GM contamination and escape incidents include the temporary or permanent loss of export markets, lower crop prices, the loss of access to grow a particular crop, and the loss of some farm-saved seed.'

filed under gmos

Friday, March 29, 2019

Weed killer residues found in 98 percent of Canadian honey samples

Study is the latest evidence that glyphosate herbicides are so pervasive that residues can be found in foods not produced by farmers using glyphosate.

Weed killer residues found in 98 percent of Canadian honey samples

Study is the latest evidence that glyphosate herbicides are so pervasive that residues can be found in foods not produced by farmers using glyphosate.(Environmental Health News, Mar 22, 2019)  The study also found residues of AMPA (glyphosate degradation product)  and Bayer's glufosinate herbicide respectively in 98% and over 60% of samples in the honey samples. Link to report in article

'The prevalence of glyphosate residues in honey samples - 98.5 percent - was higher than what was reported in several similar studies done over the last five years in other countries..The Canadian report, published in a journal called Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A, said that glyphosate is currently an active ingredient in 181 herbicides registered for use in Canada and its widespread use has made it commonly found in the environment.'

'The Canadian study authors said that all of the levels they found were below the European limit. "People think the standards are protective of public health but they are not," Dr. Philip Landrigan, director of the Global Public Health Program at Boston College, told EHN. "The optimal amount" of pesticide residues in food is "zero," he said. "Remember, many of the people eating honey are children."'

In 1993, for example, the EPA had a tolerance for glyphosate in oats at 0.1 parts per million (ppm) but in 1996 Monsanto asked EPA to raise the tolerance to 20 ppm and the EPA did as asked. In 2008, at Monsanto's suggestion, the EPA again looked to raise the tolerance for glyphosate in oats, this time to 30 ppm.' 

SNAP Comment: How scientific is raising a tolerance limit supposedly determined scientifically because the legal limit can no loger be met? Let's face it, th dose at which 1/2 the experimental animals die divided by whatever number implies there is an acceptable level of contamination. However, it never accounts for widespread low dose effects.

filed under foods

Friday, March 29, 2019

Portland’s ban on synthetic pesticides goes into effect

Private property owners can use only organic treatments for gardens and lawns.

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Portland’s ban on synthetic pesticides goes into effect Private property owners can use only organic treatments for gardens and lawns. (Press Herald, March 25, 2019)

filed under bylaws/USA

Thursday, March 28, 2019

Documents Reveal that Interior Nominee Censored Endangered Species Assessment of Organophosphates

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Documents Reveal that Interior Nominee Censored Endangered Species Assessment of Organophosphates

(Beyond Pesticides, March 28, 2019) 'A set of documents obtained by the Center for Biological Diversity reveals that the Trump administration has known for over a year – and actively concealed – that the organophosphate insecticide chlorpyrifos jeopardizes the existence of 1,399 endangered species. Top officials at the U.S. Department of the Interior, including Acting Secretary David Bernhardt, were privy to and prevented the release of a “biological opinion,” completed by the Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) in 2017, which contains a full analysis of the extensive environmental impacts wrought by three organophosphate insecticides'. Malathion and diazinon also jeopardize endangered species. The effects of all three are cumulative because they have the same mechanism of action. 'The FWS opinion, a compilation of nearly four years of rigorous scientific review, was not just a routine assessment; rather, it was the outcome of a legal settlement with CBD, which required EPA and FWS to make such assessments public by the end of 2017. In April of 2017, Dow AgroSciences directly requested that the agencies abandon the assessment.'.

filed under wildlife and industry shenanigans/interference with research

Thursday, March 28, 2019

Tests Reveal Benefits of Eating Organic

Surprising Pesticide Levels From Eating Conventional Foods

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Tests Reveal Benefits of Eating Organic
Surprising Pesticide Levels From Eating Conventional Foods        (by BC Farms & Food,  March 24, 2019}

'After the first six days on the conventional diet, daily urine tests revealed that all of the families had detectable levels of agricultural pesticides in their bodies. These toxins included organophosphates, neonicotinoids, pyrethroids, and 2,4-D herbicide—insecticides and weed killers used on a wide range of food crops.'

'For the next six days, the families ate a completely organic diet. At the end of the week of all-organic eating, the pesticide levels in the test families’ urine samples decreased by an average 60.5 percent. The results surprised the researchers and delighted the families.'

filed under foods and exposure also see Organic diet intervention significantly reduces urinary pesticide levels in U.S. children and adults  

Tuesday, March 26, 2019

The Dirty Dozen: Triclosan

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The Dirty Dozen: Triclosan (David Suzuki Foundation, 2019)

 'Health Canada’s Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist limits the concentration of triclosan to 0.03 per cent in mouthwashes and 0.3 per cent in other cosmetics. The problem is that triclosan is used in so many products that the small amounts found in each product add up — particularly since the chemical does not readily degrade.'

SNAP Comment:  You may find it difficult to buy regular toothpaste that doesn't contain it. You have to seek alternatives. I believe it can be listed under other names too. Another bad player is triclocarban. Both are registered as pesticides in Canada and the US. How hard it is to get a registered chemical banned!  Where is the balance between improving oral health and loading your body with a toxin hard to get rid of?  from   The 50-Year War Over Toxic Chemical Triclosan 'But the new regulations the FDA is currently proposing, which will become final in 2016, won’t ban triclosan. Instead, they will remove the presumption that triclosan is an effective antibacterial agent. Products labeled “antibacterial” will have to show the FDA evidence that they work better than soap and water.'  'The new regulations won’t touch products that aren’t used with water, like those hand-sanitizing gels. Nor will they affect toothpastes containing triclosan, which most experts agree improve oral health. 

filed under anti-bacterials 

Tuesday, March 26, 2019

Another Study Links Glyphosate to Cancer

elevated risk for non Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and some subtypes, linking glyphosate and large B-cell lymphoma

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Another Study Links Glyphosate to Cancer

also a link to study. (Beyond Pesticides, March 26, 2019) 'In a study investigating the carcinogenic effects of pesticide exposure by analyzing data on 316,270 farmers and farmworkers in the U.S., Norway, and France, researchers have identified elevated risk for non Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and some subtypes, linking glyphosate and large B-cell lymphoma. Other pesticides linked to the disease include the pyrethroid deltamethrin and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma; and terbufos and NHL overall.'

'For this research, chemical groups and active ingredients were selected based on common use in at least two of the three countries. In addition, researchers gave priority to chemical groups and active ingredients for which some associative evidence with lympho-hematological malignancies has already been established, and to active ingredients not previously investigated in epidemiological studies. Glyphosate and dicamba were included in the study, as well as these categorical compounds: four insecticides (organophosphates, organochlorines, carbamates, and pyrethroids); seven herbicides (phenyl ureas, chloroacetanilides, dinitroanilines, phenoxys, thiocarbamates, triazines, and triazinones); two fungicides (dithiocarbamates and phthalimides); and arsenical compounds.

filed under glyphosate  and cancer/ links between individual chemicals...

Saturday, March 23, 2019

Study Finds that Commonly Occurring Levels of Neonicotinoid Insecticide Harm White-tailed Deer

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Saturday, March 23, 2019

General Mills Commits to Large Acreage of Regenerative Agriculture, Short of Organic

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General Mills Commits to Large Acreage of Regenerative Agriculture, Short of Organic  (Beyond Pesticides, March 21, 2019)

'General Mills is making significant investments, including grand-scale land conversions and working with training partners. They have donated $650,000 to nonprofit organization Kiss the Ground for training and coaching. Part of their million-acre effort includes converting 34,000 acres in South Dakota from conventional farm land to organic.'

filed under organics/ farming

Saturday, March 23, 2019

Prenatal and infant exposure to ambient pesticides and autism spectrum disorder in children: population based case-control study

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Prenatal and infant exposure to ambient pesticides and autism spectrum disorder in children: population based case-control study  (Ondine S von Ehrenstein et al, BMJ, 20 March 2019)

11 high use pesticides were selected for examination. Risk of autism spectrum disorder was associated with prenatal exposure to glyphosate, chlorpyrifos, diazinon, malathion, avermectin, and permethrin. For autism spectrum disorder with intellectual disability, estimated odds ratios were higher (by about 30%) for prenatal exposure to glyphosate, chlorpyrifos, diazinon, permethrin, methyl bromide, and myclobutanil; exposure in the first year of life increased the odds for the disorder with comorbid intellectual disability by up to 50% for some pesticide substances. Also see Autism Linked to Wide Range of Commonly Used Pesticides (Beyond Pesticides, March 27, 2019)  for more in depth analaysis.

filed under Health/nervous system /autism

Wednesday, March 20, 2019

Not Just Bumble and Honey: Ground Nesting Bees Impaired by Neonicotinoid Exposure

about the neonicotinoid imidacloprid

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Not Just Bumble and Honey: Ground Nesting Bees Impaired by Neonicotinoid Exposure  (Beyond Pesticides, March 19, 2019) 

'Chronic contact with realistic soil concentrations of imidacloprid affects the mass, immature development speed, and adult longevity of solitary bees, recently published in Scientific Reports, confirms that wild, soil-dwelling bees are at similar risk. As policy makers consider ways to protect pollinators, this research finds that uncontaminated soil is an important aspect of ensuring the health of wild, native bees.'

'The changes are likely a result of a hormetic response by the pollinators. This is a phenomena that results from exposure to pesticides; changes in development occur in order to compensate for energy the bee diverts into physical and biological protections from pesticide exposure. This has important implications for the long term health of ground-nesting bees. Any change in development that distracts or alters normal functioning can affect fitness in the field.'

filed under wildlife/insects

Wednesday, March 20, 2019

Roundup was substantial factor in man’s cancer, jury finds

delivering a major blow to the Bayer AG unit in the first such federal bellwether trial and setting the stage for a second phase to determine damages.

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Monsanto's Roundup Likely Caused Cancer, Calif. Jury Says (Law36 , March 19, 2019) delivering a major blow to the Bayer AG unit in the first such federal bellwether trial and setting the stage for a second phase to determine damages... The case will now proceed to the second trial phase to determine whether Monsanto failed to warn Hardeman about the product's alleged cancer risks, as well as any damages. The parties will present opening arguments in the next phase of the trial on Wednesday. also covered by GM Watch and Beyond Pesticides

Saturday, March 16, 2019

Pesticide Exposure Alters Gene Expression in Bumblebees

neonicotinoids clothianidin and imidacloprid, conditionally registered

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Pesticide Exposure Alters Gene Expression in Bumblebees (Beyond Pesticides, March 13, 2019)  

“Our work demonstrates that the type of high-resolution molecular approach that has changed the way human diseases are researched and diagnosed, can also be applied to beneficial pollinators. This approach provides an unprecedented view of how bees are being affected by pesticides and works at large scale. It can fundamentally improve how we evaluate the toxicity of chemicals we put into nature.

'Clothianidin had a stronger impact on bumblebee colonies, changing the expression of 55 genes in worker bees and 17 genes in queens. The affected genes are involved in important biological processes such as mitochondrial function. Researchers noted with interest that there was almost no overlap between the genes that were impacted in queens versus workers. Comparatively, imidacloprid altered expression of only one gene in workers. The divergent effects of these two similar pesticides indicates distinct genetic mechanisms of toxicity.'

SNAP Comment: This type of evidence is certainly not mandated for pesticide registration and it may take decades before it it considered in re-evaluation.

filed under wildlife/insects

Saturday, March 16, 2019

European Court of Justice Orders EU Regulators to Publicly Release Secret Industry Glyphosate Studies

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European Court of Justice Orders EU Regulators to Publicly Release Secret Industry Glyphosate Studies (Organic Consumer Association, March 7, 2019)

'The General Court concludes that the requested studies must be regarded as constituting information which ‘relates to emissions into the environment’ and that an overriding public interest in disclosing the studies is deemed to exist. EFSA could not therefore refuse to disclose them on the ground that that would have an adverse effect on the protection of the commercial interests of the owners of the requested studies.'

Original document at:

EFSA’s decisions refusing access to the toxicity and carcinogenicity studies on the active substance glyphosate are annulled

General Court of the European Union
PRESS RELEASE No 25/19
Luxembourg, 7 March 2019
Judgment in Cases T-716/14
Anthony C. Tweedale v European Food Safety Agency
(EFSA) and T-329/17 Hautala and Others v EFSA
 

filed under glyphosate and risk assessment

Saturday, March 16, 2019

Study Raises Ecological Concerns about EPA-Approved RNAi Pesticides that Turn Off Genes

the scale of the “unknown” is truly daunting,

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Study Raises Ecological Concerns about EPA-Approved RNAi Pesticides that Turn Off Genes   (Beyond Pesticides, March 8, 2019)  

'these investigators were able to attach a radioactive atom to the molecule, “tagging” it so it could be followed through a series of simulated soil systems representative of those in the “real” world. Researchers were able to measure the presence of the material at concentrations as low as a few nanograms of dsRNA per gram of soil. The work of these researchers represents the beginning of understanding the ecological risks of these emerging dsRNA pesticides.

'Adding to concern is the fact that, unlike traditional pesticides, which pose no risk to nontarget organisms if there is no physical or physiologic exposure to these toxicants in the environment, this GE technology represents unknown levels of potential exposure. If the technology is broadly adopted, the scale of the “unknown” is truly daunting, given the amount of land in the U.S. that is planted in corn, never mind its potential use in other commodity crops (soybeans, cotton, e.g.). Further, there is little-to-nothing yet understood about effects on ecosystems where this technology could be deployed, or effects on people (or other animals) after specific dsRNA/RNAi is ingested dietarily.'

filed under gmos

Saturday, March 16, 2019

Organic diet intervention significantly reduces urinary pesticide levels in U.S. children and adults

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 Organic diet intervention significantly reduces urinary pesticide levels in U.S. children and adults   (Environmental Research, Volume 171, April 2019, Pages 568-575)

An organic diet was associated with significant reductions in urinary excretion of several pesticide metabolites and parent compounds. This study adds to a growing body of literature indicating that an organic diet may reduce exposure to a range of pesticides in children and adults. Additional research is needed to evaluate dietary exposure to neonicotinoids, which are now the most widely used class of insecticides in the world.

filed under exposusre

Saturday, March 16, 2019

A Pesticide Distributor, an Insurance Company, a Major City, and a Scientific Study Nix Glyphosate (Roundup)

insurance companies will no longer underwrite coverage for Harrell company for any glyphosate-related claims.

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A Pesticide Distributor, an Insurance Company, a Major City, and a Scientific Study Nix Glyphosate (Roundup)  (Beyond Pesticides, March 15, 2019) .

'First up: Harrell’s is a company that sells chemical pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, and “adjuvants and colorants,” among other products, primarily to golf courses, and to the horticulture-nursery, turf, and landscape sectors. The company announced on March 11 that it stopped selling products containing glyphosate as of March 1, 2019 because neither its current insurance company nor others the company consulted would underwrite coverage for the company for any glyphosate-related claims.'

SNAP Comment: Perhaps the Canadian insurance industry should get on that too.... seems like what a government refuses to do (ban a problematic product) can be achieved by the insurance industry without any backlash.

filed under glyphosate

Saturday, March 16, 2019

Bee-Toxic Neonicotinoid Insecticide Exposure Linked to Hormone-Dependent Breast Cancer

neonicotinoid insecticides thiacloprid and imidacloprid

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Bee-Toxic Neonicotinoid Insecticide Exposure Linked to Hormone-Dependent Breast Cancer  (Beyond Pesticides, March 7, 2019)  

'environmental concentrations of the neonicotinoid insecticides thiacloprid and imidacloprid increase expression of a gene linked to hormone-dependent breast cancer.'

SNAP Comment: Let's also remember that neonicotinoids were conditionally registered, i.e. registered prior to all the mandated tests submitted. In any case, it is likely that the test used in this study is part of the mandated tests as the list dates from 1984.

filed under neonicotinoids and cancer /links
 

Saturday, March 16, 2019

Arkansas Tried to Restrict the Use of This Controversial Pesticide. Monsanto Fought Back and Won.

Dicamba drift has damaged millions of dollars worth of crops, as well as wildflowers that honeybees rely on to produce honey.

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Arkansas Tried to Restrict the Use of This Controversial Pesticide. Monsanto Fought Back and Won.
Dicamba drift has damaged millions of dollars worth of crops, as well as wildflowers that honeybees rely on to produce honey. (LIZA GROSS, Mother Jones, MARCH 1, 2019) 

'As reported last year by FERN and Reveal, dicamba has damaged millions of dollars worth of crops over the past two years, after the EPA dismissed scientists’ concerns and approved the weedkiller for new uses on soybean and cotton seeds that Monsanto engineered to tolerate it. It has also harmed trees, gardens, and the wildflowers bees need to thrive and produce honey. '

filed under dicamba

Friday, March 15, 2019

$340 Billion in Annual Disease-Related Costs Associated with Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals

a new book

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$340 Billion in Annual Disease-Related Costs Associated with Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals  (Beyond Pesticides, March 1, 2019)  

'January 2019 saw the publication of a new book, Sicker Fatter Poorer: The Urgent Threat of Hormone-Disrupting Chemicals to Our Health and Future … and What We Can Do About It, by Leonardo Trasande, MD, MPP, which examines how some chemicals — including organophosphate and organochlorine pesticides — disrupt human endocrine (hormonal) function, and damage health, sometimes irreparably.The book further investigates the economic costs of associated diseases and other health problems to the U.S. economy — on the order of 2.3% of GDP (gross domestic product), or $340 billion, annually. As Dr. Trasande notes, “The reality is that policy predicts exposure, exposure predicts disease and disease ultimately costs our economy.”

filed under endocrine disruption 

Friday, March 15, 2019

Study Confirms Findings on Carcinogenic Glyphosate, Suggests “Compelling Link”

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Study Confirms Findings on Carcinogenic Glyphosate, Suggests “Compelling Link”  (Beyond Pesticides, February 28, 2019)  

Statistical analysis revealed there to be a 41% increased risk of NHL resulting from high exposure to glyphosate-based herbicides. To compare and add weight to their results, researchers also conducted a second statistical analysis using older (2005) AHS data, which surprisingly revealed a higher, 45% risk.

filed under glyphosate and cancer

Thursday, March 14, 2019

Scientists warn about the dangerous interaction of plant protection products

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Scientists warn about the dangerous interaction of plant protection products (ESTONIAN RESEARCH COUNCIL, 12 MAR-2019)   

'Using a hymenopteran parasitoid wasp Aphelinus abdominalis (a globally distributed species widely used in biocontrol) as a model, a team of researchers showed the enhanced effect of a low-concentration insecticide (thiacloprid) treatment when combined with various concentrations of a fungicide (tebuconazole). '

SNAP Comment: It is absolutely correct that pesticides are only evaluated one at a time, even when regularly used as a mixture like lawn chemicals (2,4-D,, mecoprop and dicamba)

filed under neonicotinoids and wildlife/insects

Friday, March 8, 2019

PMRA’s decision to reduce international engagement when it comes to MRLs could impede Canadian agricultural exports.

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PMRA’s decision to reduce international engagement when it comes to MRLs could impede Canadian agricultural exports.(By Robin Booker, Western Producer, 7 March 2019)

SNAP Comment: Nice to know the PMRA isn't political enough already! Yes the pesticide review process is flawed and has been for a long time. If a pesticide is considered useful, that's all it needs to trump all the negative health studies. As far as I know, no known alternative product (Bt, essential oils, etc) or management method (crop rotation, correcting nutrient deficiencies or damage to soil organisms) is within the mandate to evaluate a pesticide. Mixtures are not evaluated. Formulations are not evaluated, just a single pesticide at a time. Conditionally reglstered pesticides don't have all the studies in to support their use. Many of the pesticides still in use today were grandfathered after widespread laboratory fraud in the 1970s and 80s. There is no mechanism to properly consider low dose effects or endocrine effects in registration or re-evaluation. Many scientists on a pesticide evaluation or re-evaluation committee are industry spokespeople rather than independent scientists and on and on.

In my view, the PMRA and US EPA have to reform the way they evaluate pesticides. They have to start using the precautionary principle instead of their current inappropriate "dose makes the poison" approach which is shown inadequate to ensure safety every time another pesticide is proven by research to have a significant health effect at current doses found in the environment. I can't believe this is what industry wants because it would only results in .lower or NO permissoble levels in food (MRLs).

When Canada refuses to register a product or is ready to ban one, it takes years to achieve and negotiation with industry so we don't end up sued for millions or billions of $ of potential lost revenue. I understand it is big business to sue government to get one's way. That is why all companies became international, so they can sue and force governments to do their bidding. So why don't CropLife Canada, the Canola Council and other industry groups just sue the governments that ban those products rather than telling the PMRA that they should apply pressure themselves? I thought that was the most hated part of free trade agreements...but can be done only by a business perceiving they have been 'slighted' of much money or opportunity. If the pesticide industry and growers following its lead stands to lose money, the decisions leading to it have to be 'unfair' according to them. so what? now they want to save money by getting the government to do their work?

Believe me, no imagination is needed to see the widespread contamination of our environment, water, food as well as our bodies with pesticides. Only tests are needed, and they have indicated a widespread problem. No imagination is needed to see the depletion of our soils.

'Under a recommendation titled Acceptance of Products by Export Markets, the January report states “the Committee recommends that the Government of Canada resolve irritants and issues that limit innovation and competitiveness in export markets to have them accept domestically approved products or technological processes.”...The purpose of the white paper is to have the PMRA change its re-evaluation process to improve stakeholder engagement, and to have Health Canada acknowledge its role in facilitating access to innovative technologies and its role in the agriculture sector’s competitiveness....He said CropLife is not suggesting the importance of human health or the environment be lessened in the review process, but the process should also include how decisions will affect the agricultural sector.'

“The consideration of other factors, economic factors, what growers would use in the alternative, what the impacts might be to using alternative products, those are broader discussions that should at least be part of the consideration,” Petelle said.'
“The PMRA’s re-evaluation practices are eroding the public’s trust in Canada’s federal regulatory system and potentially creating unnecessary trade concerns.”

Thursday, February 28, 2019

How did the US EPA and IARC reach diametrically opposed conclusions on the genotoxicity of glyphosate-based herbicides?

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Thursday, February 21, 2019

The herbicide glyphosate persists in wild, edible plants: B.C. study

Wood found unexpected levels of glyphosate in new shoots and berries of plants that survived an aerial herbicide application made one year earlier.

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The herbicide glyphosate persists in wild, edible plants: B.C. study (RANDY SHORE, Vancouver Sun, February 20, 2019)

'Wood found unexpected levels of glyphosate in new shoots and berries of plants that survived an aerial herbicide application made one year earlier... The 10 species tested were selected for their importance as traditional-use plants, because some First Nations had expressed concerns about the long-term effects of glyphosate on wild plants, said Wood...Glyphosate is typically broken down in soil by microorganisms over a period of months, but how long it persists in living plant tissues is unknown, she said.'

filed under Exposure to Pesticides and glyphosate

Thursday, February 21, 2019

DDT Exposure During Early Life Associated with Increased Risk of Breast Cancer

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DDT Exposure During Early Life Associated with Increased Risk of Breast Cancer  (Beyond Pesticides, February 20, 2019)

Women exposed to DDT during ‘early windows of susceptibility’ in their childhood are at increased risk of developing breast cancer, according to new research published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

'These studies, and the predictable lag time between exposure, health impacts, and epidemiological data on those impacts should lead lawmakers and regulators to consider taking a more precautionary approach to the introduction of these chemicals into the environment.'

filed under cancer/Links between individual pesticides and cancer or pesticides and individual cancers

Wednesday, February 20, 2019

Bees face yet another lethal threat in dicamba, a drift-prone pesticide

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Bees face yet another lethal threat in dicamba, a drift-prone pesticide  (By Liza Gross, Reveal, January 23, 2019)

'From 2016 to 2017, U.S. honey production dropped 9 percent. Official statistics for 2018 have not been released.' Bee orders for pollination in California orchards have trouble being filled.'Coy became convinced that plummeting honey production at Coy’s Honey Farm, which is Arkansas’ largest beekeeping operation, was due to dicamba after reading one of Mortensen’s studies. The research showed that doses of dicamba that mimicked the drift associated with spraying the weed killer delayed flowering and reduced by half the number of flowers that plants produced and the number of pollinator visits.' Link to study 'Effects of the herbicide dicamba on nontarget plants and pollinator visitation' in article. 

filed under bee die-off

Wednesday, February 20, 2019

Eating GM maize sprayed with Roundup increased death rate – study

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'Eating GM maize sprayed with Roundup increased death rate – study (GM Watch, 16 February 2019)

'The section of the paper reporting the results of the G-TwYST study states, "The mortality rate of the male rats fed the 33% NK603 + Roundup diet was significantly higher than that of the corresponding control group" fed non-GM maize."'

'However, the authors buried this finding in the detail of the study. They failed to make any mention of it whatsoever in the abstract. The abstract only states – falsely – that "no adverse effects related to the feeding of the NK603 maize cultivated with or without Roundup for up to 2 years were observed"'.

'This misrepresentation of the study findings raises the question of why scientists funded with EU taxpayers' money would apparently downplay such results, misleading the public and the scientific community.'

'The increased mortality in the males fed NK603 + Roundup was related to pituitary tumours, according to the Discussion section of the paper'although pituitary tumors occured at the same rate. Only the males in the Roundup-treated group were subject to overeating and being overweigth and the researchers did not research that. 

The analysis found potential conflict of interest. 'Many experts involved in G-TwYST and its affiliated EU-funded studies also had affiliations with industry or organisations funded by industry.'

SNAP Comment: One should also question.how the study made it to a prre-reviewed journal with wrong conclusions......

filed under industry shenanigans/Inteference with Research and Research Publication 

Wednesday, February 20, 2019

French, German farmers destroy crops after GMOs found in Bayer seeds

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French, German farmers destroy crops after GMOs found in Bayer seeds  (Reuters, 06/02/2019) The company producingthe seeds was formerly owned by Monsant. Seeds were produced in a non-gmo area of Argentina. Bayer is compensating affected farmers for economic loss. 

SNAP comment:I see two lessons in this:1. It's impossible to keep gmo seeds separate. 2. It's easier to get compensation for economic loss versus health problem 

filed under gmos/general

Wednesday, February 20, 2019

New study claimed to show safety of CRISPR shows the opposite

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New study claimed to show safety of CRISPR shows the opposite  (GM Watch: 29 January 2019)

'Such lobbyists aim to dismantle the EU's process-based GMO regulation, which acknowledges the inherent uncertainties of the GM process, and replace it with product-based regulation such as that of North America, where only the intended resulting product is assessed for risk.'

'Thus far, this is a well carried out study that breaks new ground in terms of separating the gene editing process into its different elements and working out which element caused how many of certain types of mutations.' 

'Their conclusion, "Our data support a recent call to 'Regulate genome-edited products, not genome editing itself'."  is 'entirely at odds with the authors' own findings. Their results show that the CRISPR process, taken as a whole, induces hundreds of procedurally induced mutations. They show that the process is inherently problematic. Thus regulation based only on what the end product is intended to be is obviously diametrically opposed to what the science – including the authors' own results – is telling us.'

filed under gmos

Wednesday, February 20, 2019

Glyphosate use linked to phosphorus pollution in water bodies

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Glyphosate use linked to phosphorus pollution in water bodies (GM Watch, 30 January 2019)

'Estimating the supply of phosphorus (P) derived from glyphosate use, both globally and in the US alone, we show that trends have markedly increased over the past two decades. Across the US, mean inputs of glyphosate‐derived P increased from 1.6 kg P km−2 in 1993 to 9.4 kg P km−2 in 2014, with values frequently exceeding 20 kg P km−2 in areas planted with glyphosate‐resistant crops...Although still a minor source of P relative to fertilizers, P inputs from glyphosate use have now reached levels comparable to those from sources for which P regulations were initiated in the past. We thus argue for greater recognition of glyphosate's influence on P flow in watershed research and management.'

filed under water

Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Outcry grows over fired Agriculture Ministry whistleblower, as CAQ dodges questions

Quebec story

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Outcry grows over fired Agriculture Ministry whistleblower, as CAQ dodges questions
Quebec story (CBC News,  Feb 14, 2019)  'Pressure is increasing on the Coalition Avenir Québec government to reinstate a whistleblower fired from his job last month after exposing private-sector meddling in pesticide research...Radio-Canada reported that industry representatives were pressuring scientists to avoid publicizing findings that demonstrated neonicotinoids — a class of insecticides — are harmful to bees and other pollinating insects.'
filed under  industry shenanigans/ Inteference with Research and Research Publication
 

Monday, February 18, 2019

Acute Pesticide Incidents May Lead to Loss of Smell

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Acute Pesticide Incidents May Lead to Loss of Smell

(Beyond Pesticides, January, 23, 2019) 'Analyzing data from questions asked during the original 1993 survey, researchers found that farmers that reported a history of HPEE at the outset were 49% more likely to experience olfactory impairment than farmers that did not...But scientists found that the route of exposure mattered little, with farmers reporting roughly the same loss of smell whether the HPEE involved either internal or dermal impacts. Significant associations were also found for particular pesticides. Specifically, two legacy organochlorine insecticides, DDT and lindane, as well as the herbicides alachlormetolachlor2,4-D, and pendimethalin were all singled out within the study.

Monday, February 18, 2019

Occurrence of Neonicotinoid Insecticides in Finished Drinking Water and Fate during Drinking Water Treatment

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Occurrence of Neonicotinoid Insecticides in Finished Drinking Water and Fate during Drinking Water Treatment   (Kathryn L. Klarich et al, Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett., 2017, 4 (5), pp 168–173, April 5, 2017)

'Neonicotinoid insecticides are widespread in surface waters across the agriculturally intensive Midwestern United States. We report for the first time the presence of three neonicotinoids in finished drinking water and demonstrate their general persistence during conventional water treatment...Clothianidin, imidacloprid, and thiamethoxam were ubiquitously detected in finished water samples at concentrations ranging from 0.24 to 57.3 ng/L Samples collected along the University of Iowa treatment train indicate no apparent removal of clothianidin or imidacloprid, with modest thiamethoxam removal (∼50%). In contrast, the concentrations of all neonicotinoids were substantially lower in the Iowa City treatment facility finished water using granular activated carbon (GAC) filtration. 

filed under water and neonicotinoids

Monday, February 18, 2019

Adding to Residue Studies, Report Documents Toxic Pesticides in Common Foods Sold by Major Retailers

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Adding to Residue Studies, Report Documents Toxic Pesticides in Common Foods Sold by Major Retailers  (Beyond Pesticides, February 13, 2019)  

"The report, Toxic Secret, found store and name brand foods produced and sold by the top four U.S. food retailers — Kroger (NYSE:KR), Walmart (NYSE: WMT), Costco (NYSE:COST) and Albertsons — contain residues of toxic pesticides linked to a range of serious health and environmental problems."

"The FOE study finds that oat cereals, apples, applesauce, spinach and pinto beans at the retailers contained detectable amounts of glyphosate, organophosphates and neonicotinoids. The average level of glyphosate found in cereal samples (360 parts per billion) was more than twice the level set by scientists at Environmental Working Group for lifetime cancer risk for children. The average level of glyphosate found in pinto beans (509 ppb) was more than 4.5 times the benchmark.*"   also mentions brands tested.

filed under pesticides in food

Monday, February 18, 2019

Bug Bombs Don’t Work – At All, According to Study

For cockroaches. All the fogger products contained pyrethroids,

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Bug Bombs Don’t Work – At All, According to Study

(Beyond Pesticides, January, 30, 2019) '“In a cost-benefit analysis, you’re getting all costs and no benefits,” said Zachary DeVries, PhD, co-author of the study. “Bug bombs are not killing cockroaches; they’re putting pesticides in places where the cockroaches aren’t; they’re not putting pesticides in places where cockroaches are and they’re increasing pesticide levels in the home...Tests conducted one month after the bug bombs were released still showed pesticide residue levels 34% higher levels originally found in resident’s homes”

All the fogger products contained pyrethroids. Learn about alternatives to pesticides for cockroach infestations  under Additional info.

filed under pyrethrins

Monday, February 18, 2019

Drinking Water Contaminated with Neonicotinoid Insecticide Byproducts

US study

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Drinking Water Contaminated with Neonicotinoid Insecticide Byproducts

(Beyond Pesticides, February 8, 2019)  'The experts discovered two metabolites of imidacloprid (a neonicotinoid insecticide) residues that had not previously been identified in drinking water — desnitro-imidacloprid and imidacloprid-urea. The researchers note both that these metabolites have never been evaluated for their potential risks to human and environmental health, and that there may be potential risks of anthropogenic compounds that can be created when water with neonicotinoid residues, and thus, these metabolites, undergo typical water treatment (often chlorination and/or pH treatment)...The presence of neonics in drinking water is concerning per se, because federal regulators have never addressed what might be “safe” levels of such insecticides in tap water,

filed under water and neonicotinoids

Monday, February 18, 2019

EPA-Registered Herbicide Found to Trigger Inflammation Linked to Onset of Multiple Sclerosis

Linuron, recently banned in Europe

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EPA-Registered Herbicide Found to Trigger Inflammation Linked to Onset of Multiple Sclerosis

(Beyond Pesticides, February 5, 2019)  'Researchers began their investigation with 976 chemicals identified by EPA’s ToxCast program, an inventory of compounds that have undergone screening for a battery of laboratory tests. Within that inventory, 75 chemicals, including linuron, were found to interfere with the signaling pathways linked to MS...“When we study inflammation and neurodegeneration, we learn that the environment may play just as important of a role as genetics,” Dr. Quintana noted.'

SNAP Comment: This is the first time I come across the term exposome which can be defined as the measure of all the exposures of an individual in a lifetime and how those exposures relate to health. There are currently 7 Linuron products registered in Canada where they can be used on saskatoon, chokecherry, potatoe, grain crops and more.

filed under health/immune/auto-immune diseases

Monday, February 18, 2019

Study Predicts Demise of Insects within Decades if Pesticide Dependence Continues

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Study Predicts Demise of Insects within Decades if Pesticide Dependence Continues

(Beyond Pesticides, February 11, 2019) 'A new systematic review of insect population studies worldwide reports on “the dreadful state of insect biodiversity in the world, as almost half of the species are rapidly declining and a third are being threatened with extinction.” The study concludes with the dire prediction that insects as a whole will go extinct in the next few decades if patterns of intensive agriculture, in particular pesticide use, continue...One in every three insect species monitored worldwide is threatened with extinction. Even more concerning is the finding that 41% of insect species worldwide are in decline, outpacing the more well-publicized vertebrate declines by 200%...More than half of the studies that Drs. Sánchez-Bayo and Wyckhuys review point directly to intensive agriculture and increased reliance on agrochemicals as causal factors driving insect declines. Several more consider pesticides to be the most likely agent responsible for insect declines, masked under the category of “unexplained factors”... “Several multivariate and correlative statistical analyses confirm that the impact of pesticides on biodiversity is larger than that of other intensive agricultural practices…” 

filed under pesticides and wildlife/insects

Sunday, February 17, 2019

Loss of Italian market for Canadian wheat treated with pre-harvest glyphosate

Radio-Canada report

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Les Italiens boudent le blé canadien au glyphosate (Radio Canada, La Semaine Verte,  15 février 2019) 

Fascinating that when the Canadian reports cereal grain testing for glyphosate, they have apparently removed the main grains: wheat, oats and corn from the analysis. The contamination tables are included in this article. 36.6% contamination of minor cereal crops on which glyphosate is not used pre-harvest indicates a wide environmental contamination. Table of wheat, oats and corn contamination also included with respective numbers of 80, 74 and 26%.Exports of Canadian wheat to Italy has dropped 70% because our wheat does not meet the lower glyphosate contamination standard developed after glyphosate was found to widely contaminate Italian pasta (from 10 ppm -Italian norm- to, 0,1 ppm). (Le reportage de Catherine Mercier et Bernard Laroche est diffusé à l'émission La semaine verte, samedi, à 17 h, à ICI Radio-Canada Télé.)

filed under pesticides in food 

Sunday, February 17, 2019

AAAS "reassessing" award to public interest scientists

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AAAS "reassessing" award to public interest scientists (GMWatch, 08 February 2019)

'The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) says it's "reassessing" its previous decision to give the 2019 Award for Scientific Freedom and Responsibility to two Sri Lankan scientists who uncovered an association between glyphosate herbicide exposure and chronic kidney disease in farmers in areas with hard water.'

'And in the case of this particular award, the conclusiveness of the researchers' findings on glyphosate is irrelevant. As Prof Jack Heinemann of the University of Canterbury, New Zealand, said on Twitter, "Whether or not the link between glyphosate (or formulation) and kidney disease is right misses the point. A scientific freedom award is given for persecution. If you only give it for proven science, it would be delayed decades and it would only benefit those who persecute." 'If the AAAS does decide to withdraw its award to the Sri Lankan scientists, that will send a clear message to the public about the suppression of science. Ironically, of course, it was the now-suppressed AAAS press release which noted that jeopardizing the profits of the glyphosate industry has come with serious “consequences” for Drs Gunatilake and Jayasumana.'
filed under  industry shenanigans/ Inteference with Research and Research Publication

Friday, February 15, 2019

Industrial Agriculture Poisoning Wells and Streams

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Industrial Agriculture Poisoning Wells and Streams (Mercola, February 06, 2019)

based on US data. For pesticides in water and specifically in Saskatchewan

'The results of the study found there are no pristine streams left as the minimum number of pesticides detected in the water at any site reached 28. During the three-month sampling period an average of 54 pesticides were found at each site.

Streams with higher levels of nitrogen and phosphorus found in fertilizer and animal wastes were more likely to have degraded invertebrates and fish communities. Nitrate accounted for the most total nitrogen and was an important stressor identified for fish.'

Thursday, February 14, 2019

Exposure to Glyphosate-Based Herbicides and Risk for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: A Meta-Analysis and Supporting Evidence

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Exposure to Glyphosate-Based Herbicides and Risk for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: A Meta-Analysis and Supporting Evidence (Mutation Research/Reviews in Mutation Research, Available online 10 February 2019)

'Overall, in accordance with evidence from experimental animal and mechanistic studies, our current meta-analysis of human epidemiological studies suggests a compelling link between exposures to GBHs and increased risk for NHL.'

filed under health/cancer and fact sheets/glyphosate

Tuesday, February 5, 2019

New study links deaths of Bangladeshi children to chemicals sprayed on lychee

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New study links deaths of Bangladeshi children to chemicals sprayed on lychee (bdnews.com, 25 Jul 2017)

“By working closely with the affected communities and earning their trust, researchers were able to identify the potential role of agricultural chemicals in this outbreak. Community education and improved oversight of pesticide use will be needed to help reduce the risk of future tragedies... Local residents told the investigators that it was common for children to play in the orchards and to eat fruit that had fallen on the ground without washing it, using their teeth to peel the lychee’s tough skin...Islam said physical evidence collected from the orchards, which included discarded containers of insecticides and other chemicals, and interviews with community residents suggested that “multiple chemicals were applied to the fruit and in amounts far greater than are normally used by other lychee producers”.'

Tuesday, February 5, 2019

New Legal/Litigation Page

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New Legal/Litigation Page

As I hear of more pesticide harm cases going to court, I felt it necessary to have a page to refer to these items. 

Tuesday, February 5, 2019

Pesticides found in more than 80% of tested European soils

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Pesticides found in more than 80% of tested European soils
(PhysOrg,January 18, 2019, CORDIS)

'Pesticide residues were found in 83% of the analysed agricultural soils in 166 different pesticide combinations. The most common mixtures detected at the highest concentrations were the controversial weedkiller glyphosate and its metabolite aminomethylphosphonic acid, followed by the commonly used pesticide dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (banned in the EU in 1986), and the broad-spectrum fungicides boscalid, epoxiconazole and tebuconazole'

'We are increasingly seeing the negative side of chemically intensive system of food production. Today, 2,000 pesticides with 500 chemical substances are being used in Europe. However, data on how such substances affect soil quality is incomplete and fragmented, and fails to clearly reflect their overall impact on soil systems and human health.'

filed under Pesticides in soil

Tuesday, February 5, 2019

Glyphosate and other toxins in throw away diapers (in French)

un risque pour la santé des enfants. Le gouvernement demande aux fabricants d’éliminer ces produits.

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Du glyphosate et des substances chimiques dangereuses dans les couches jetables pour bébés. Une expertise inédite de l’Anses conclut à un risque pour la santé des enfants. Le gouvernement demande aux fabricants d’éliminer ces produits.(by Stéphane Mandard. Le Monde, le 22 janvier 2019) 

Le Monde is an important paper from France. For those who don't speak French, glyphosate was one of over 60 toxic substances identified in throw away diapers. There were also several other pesticides, some which have been banned 15 years ago (lindane, quintozène, hexachlorobenzène).Throw away diapers also contained many problematic fragrances, PCBs and VOC (volatile organic compoinds) such as (naphtalène, styrène, toluène, etc.) (By the way, naphthalene is also an insecticide found in mothballs).

" Et de nombreuses substances parfumantes, comme l’alcool benzylique ou le butylphényl. Ou encore des polychlorobiphényles (PCB), des dioxines, des composés organiques volatiles (naphtalène, styrène, toluène, etc.), des hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques (HAP), que l’on retrouve habituellement dans la fumée de cigarette ou des moteurs diesel."

filed under Exposure and Children

Sunday, February 3, 2019

New Analysis: Curbing Pesticides Key to Reversing Insect Apocalypse

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New Analysis: Curbing Pesticides Key to Reversing Insect Apocalypse  More Than 40 Percent of World's Insect Species on Fast-track to Extinction (Center for Biological Diversity,February 1, 2019)


SNAP Comment: The Canadian PMRA uses the same model as the US EPA to evaluate pesticides. The comments below fit Canada as well.


'The meta-analysis of 73 studies assessing insect declines over a period of at least 10 years found that industrial farming practices driving habitat loss and extensive use of pesticides and fertilizers is associated with 47 percent of reported declines....The decline of widely ranging generalist insect species shows that habitat loss, alone, is not enough to explain insect declines. Mounting evidence now demonstrates that a significant driver is the widespread use of pesticides and fertilizers.'
“We know neonicotinoid pesticides are a major cause of bee decline and are working to ban them, but this review highlights the urgent need for sweeping pesticide reform,” Cornelisse said. “That reform must start with the EPA replacing its long, troubling embrace of pesticide makers with a truly independent review process for assessing these dangerous poisons.”


filed in  pesticides effects on wildlife/ insects  
 

Sunday, February 3, 2019

Crisis of Confidence in Canada’s Pesticide Police

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Crisis of Confidence in Canada’s Pesticide Police   (Friends of the Earth MR, January 30, 2019)

“Apparently, Monsanto has not only polluted Canada’s environment but also our regulatory process” says Olivastri. “Today’s briefing for Canadian Parliamentarians will reveal the history of scientific interference and collusion by Monsanto personnel with the US regulator, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). On our side of the border, Canada’s PMRA has clearly stated they’ve worked hand-in-glove with US EPA on their re-registration decision of glyphosate, since 2010.”

Traveling from California, to speak in Ottawa, Michael Baum, an Attorney at Baum, Hedlund, Aristei & Goldman observed, “Based on our successful disclosure of Monsanto’s paper trail, the jury also found that Monsanto acted with malice, oppression or fraud and should be punished for its conduct. This determination should ring warning bells for Canadian Parliamentarians.”

Saturday, February 2, 2019

U.S. judge to allow controversial evidence in Roundup cancer trials

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U.S. judge to allow controversial evidence in Roundup cancer trials   (by Tina Bellon, CNBC, from Reuters. Jan, 28 2019)

'Under Chabria’s order, that evidence would be allowed only if glyphosate was found to have caused plaintiff Edwin Hardeman’s cancer and the trial proceeded to a second phase to determine Bayer’s liability.'

filed under Legal/Litigation

Saturday, February 2, 2019

Rigging the Science of GMO Ecotoxicity

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Rigging the Science of GMO Ecotoxicity (by Jonathan Latham, PhD, Independent Science Newsfor Food and Agriculture,January 29, 2019)

'They report that these new “artificial diet systems” for raising non-target organisms contain surprisingly large amounts of antibiotics (Li et al., 2014; Ali et al., 2016a; and Ali et al. 2016b). The significance of this is that antibiotics are known to act as antidotes to Cry toxins (Broderick et al., 2006, Mason et al., 2011). By masking the harm caused by the toxin, antibiotics can give the unsuspecting reader a false impression of Cry harmlessness.'

filed under industry shenanigans/ Interference with Research

Friday, January 18, 2019

Glyphosate Objectors’ Concerns Are Heightened Following Replies from Health Canada

Responses Dismiss Key Science and Lack Transparency

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Glyphosate Objectors’ Concerns Are Heightened Following Replies from Health Canada (being released January 14, 2019 online)
 
Responses Dismiss Key Science and Lack Transparency
Canadians at Risk, With no Independent Review of Roundup Herbicide

'In briefings by PMRA officials on January 11, 2019, responses to questions from objectors revealed that public health, toxic metals in food and soil quality were summarily dismissed as being outside of the scope of pesticides assessment (see below).'

Also quotes from objectors.
 

Friday, January 18, 2019

Bacteria In Worms Make A Mosquito Repellent That Might Beat DEET

not marketed yet

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Bacteria In Worms Make A Mosquito Repellent That Might Beat DEET  (by Jonathan Lambert,NPR, January 16, 2019) 

filed under alternatives to pesticides/insects/ Additional information on certain pests

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

How did the US EPA and IARC reach opposite conclusions about glyphosate’s genotoxicity?

New analysis shows EPA relied on secret industry studies, which found ‘no effect’ from glyphosate, rather than published studies, which mostly found the chemical was genotoxic

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How did the US EPA and IARC reach opposite conclusions about glyphosate’s genotoxicity? (from Charles Benbrook's article, GM Watch, 14 January 2019) 

'The article shows that only by framing and constraining its genotoxicity assessment in a highly selective and biased way was the EPA able to conclude that glyphosate was not genotoxic. It also demonstrates that the EPA's cancer classification – as well as EFSA’s, which was based on the same data and was reached in a similar way – is scientifically baseless. Overall, the article shows that the way pesticides are assessed for risk is not fit for purpose and exposes people and the environment to unacceptable risks.'

'The paper is authored by Dr Charles Benbrook and is published in Environmental Sciences Europe. '

SNAP Comment: Wow! testing formulations and regulating seeds treated with pesticides as pesticides rather than exempting them. In 2003 through the Regulatory Directive: Harmonization of Regulation of Pesticide Seed Treatment in Canada and the United States, treated seeds are not regulated as pesticides either. 

Sunday, January 13, 2019

Glyphosate is Genotoxic to Human White Blood Cells at Low Concentrations

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Glyphosate is Genotoxic to Human White Blood Cells at Low Concentrations  (By Henry Rowlands, GMO Evidence, October 24th, 2018)  link to full paper.

 'Human lymphocytes were exposed to five glyphosate concentrations: 0.500, 0.100, 0.050, 0.025, and 0.0125 μg/mL, where 0.500 μg/mL represents the established acceptable daily intake value, and the other concentrations were tested in order to establish the genotoxicity threshold for this compound. We observed that chromosomal aberration (CA) and micronuclei (MNi) frequencies significantly increased at all tested concentrations, with exception of 0.0125 μg/mL.'

filed under fact sheets/glyphosate

Sunday, January 13, 2019

Is Your Yoga Mat or Gym Breeding Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria?

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Is Your Yoga Mat or Gym Breeding Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria?  (Beyond Pesticides, January 2, 2019)

'Every antibacterial chemical tested by researchers showed up in every facility investigated. Gyms, rooms with higher moisture levels, and those with carpeted flooring all had elevated levels of antibacterials compared to other facilities.'

'Most concerning is the finding that the number of microbes with antibiotic resistant genes was higher in facilities with elevated concentrations of triclosan and its chemical cousin triclocarban. And the type of resistance microbes display is not limited to triclosan—they exhibit a diverse range of resistance measures. “Those genes do not code for resistance to triclosan,” Dr. Hartmann clarifies. “They code for resistance to medically relevant antibiotic drugs.”'

filed under Resistance

Sunday, January 13, 2019

Health Canada upholds decision to keep glyphosate weed killers on the market

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Health Canada upholds decision to keep glyphosate weed killers on the market (Globe and Mail, 11 January 2019)

“How can we trust the science if we can’t be sure that it’s independent?” she said.

Muhannad Malas, the toxics program manager at Environmental Defence, said there is no reason to trust Health Canada if it assigns its own scientists to review the work of their peers.

SNAP Comment: I wonder if the PMRA will make their review document and decision public. It is important to understand WHO the 20 scientists were on the committee (to ensure they have no ties to industry), whether the studies considered in the review are industry produced or sponsored (most of them likely are), and which studies were eliminated from the assessment for whatever reason. It is also good to remember that neither the PMRA or the EPA have kept up with the science of low dose toxicity. The panel of studies to be conducted has not been updated since 1984 with the exception of one apparently already outdated type of endocrine disruption study for a few selected suspected pesticides by the EPA after they were taken to court to establish it.

Sunday, January 13, 2019

Settlement Bans Some Bee-Toxic Pesticides, Requires Public Comment Period on Testing All Pesticide Product Ingredients and Regulating Pesticide-Treated Seeds

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Settlement Bans Some Bee-Toxic Pesticides, Requires Public Comment Period on Testing All Pesticide Product Ingredients and Regulating Pesticide-Treated Seeds  (Beyond Pesticides, January 4, 2019) 

'The settlement sets in motion a number of actions and expectations, among which is the potential cancellation of the 59 pesticide registrations. The first public action was the posting in the Federal Register of two notices of EPA seeking public comment on petitions from CFS. One requests the revision of testing requirements for pesticides prior to their registration — including requiring “testing for whole pesticide formulations to account for the toxicological effects of inert and adjuvant ingredients and the testing of tank mixes to assess the interaction between pesticide ingredients. CFS believes this change is needed to meet the applicable safety standards of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA).” The second requests that EPA “initiate a rulemaking or issue a formal Agency interpretation for planted seeds treated with systemic insecticides. CSF believes that the Agency EPA has improperly applied the treated article exemption in exempting these products from registration and labeling requirements under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA).” Comments on both, which are due on or before March 21, 2019, can be directed as described here.'

SNAP Comment: Wow! testing formulations and regulaing seeds tated with pesticides as pesticides rather than exemppting them. Anyonee knows w

Monday, January 7, 2019

U.S. judge limits evidence in trial over Roundup cancer claims

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U.S. judge limits evidence in trial over Roundup cancer claims  (Reuters, by Tina Bellon,  January 3, 2019) 

Is this a ploy to make the guilty walk free?

There are always two kind of science:
1. the one industry paid for, which as been shown over and over again to be biased towards their products. For a long time this was the only 'science' available for glyphosate. Industry studies for regulatory purposes, made practically unavailable for analysis or comments by independent researchers.
2. The problems, as always, occurred when independent researchers started repeating these studies and found damning results. So the thousands of studies 'proving' safety have been shown to be nothing but unreviewed and often misinterpreted industry studies.

It is also good to remember that if a study indicated a link to health problems it did not have to be submitted to regulators. A similar pesticide glyphosine was also one of the pesticides grandfathered into use (pending new studies which may or may not have been done) after the IBT scandal (1976-81) where this lab and many others were charged with fraud for manufacturing data.

Saturday, January 5, 2019

Don’t want antibiotics sprayed on your citrus? Sorry – it’s about to expand, big-time

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Don’t want antibiotics sprayed on your citrus? Sorry – it’s about to expand, big-time. (Florida Phoenix, by Julie Hauserman, January 2, 2019)

'Federal officials are allowing greatly expanded use of streptomycin and oxytetracycline –  antibiotics often used on people — as a pesticide on commercially grown citrus. Agricultural operations plan to use the antibiotic sprays to combat the widespread disease called citrus greening, which has devastated the citrus industry. The antibiotics won’t cure the disease, and will have to be sprayed repeatedly over years just to keep the trees alive and producing fruit until they succumb to citrus greening.'

'Allowing so much antibiotic residue in Florida soils, runoff, and air is unprecedented. It’s unclear how much of the antibiotics – sprayed on leaves and taken up into the plant’s vascular system – will end up in fruit; it’s never been sprayed on this scale before. Test results the citrus industry provided to federal officials reported low antibiotic residues.'

'Scientists at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency expressed concern, but ultimately ruled that the economic benefits outweigh the agency’s concerns about antibiotic resistance and potential harm to the environment, people, and wildlife.'