• Learn About Pesticides in Foods
  • Weeds Can Be Managed Without Chemical Pesticides
  • Learn to Keep Insects Out of your Crops
  • Learn To Manage Weeds Without Chemical Pesticides
  • SNAP Tour of Organic Vegetable Garden
  • Driving Near Recently Sprayed Fields Exposes People to Pesticides
  • Learn to Manage Pests Naturally
  • Learn About Colony Collapse Disorder and How to Protect Bees
  • LIving Near Fields Increases Pesticide Exposure
  • Grow a Lush Garden Organically

Insects and Invertebrates

NCAP factsheets - solutions

PANNA links to alternatives fact sheet

  • Flies  from University of California IPM Online
  • Moths and Carpet Beetles (alternatives to mothballs)from 'Bugs'
  • and many more, some about the same pests as the ones covered in Beyond Pesticides and NCAP.

National Geographic videos on insect and invertebrate parasites in action

Good news for Canadian bees, other pollinators and gardeners – major garden centres shut down use of neonic pesticides   (Friends of the Earth, 12 June, 2019)  'Top place for neonic-free flowering plants goes to two big box chain stores and one regional chain: Home Depot, Lowes (which includes RONA and Reno-Depot Corporate stores across Canada and Sheridan Nurseries in Ontario.  As a close second, Canadian Tire Corporation reported that it has reached 95% neonicotinoid free. Home Hardware reports 100% neonic-free products from its distribution centres, but Friends of the Earth notes that many Home Hardware stores host local nurseries and it is not clear that their plants are neonic-free. Both Costco and Walmart report progress in removing neonics on their websites, but are not reporting on Canadian-specific markets. Loblaw, with the largest number of outlets – some 2500 in Canada – is recycling its 2016 statement saying that since 2014 it has been “developing a plan”. Empire Company, which owns Sobey, IGA, Safeway and other stores, has not responded to Friends of the Earth. '...there is no response from Atlantic Canada’s Kent Chain, Quebec’s Botanix Garden Centres or BC’s Art Knapp PlantlandFriends of the Earth hopes they will respond soon.'  SNAP Comment: at least in Ontario. It has happened many times that, as pesticides got banned in Ontario. they were shipped West because we had no pesticide law yet. I hope the same isn't true for bedding plants. However, this is a survey so hopefully the companies answered truthfully. Always ask for neonicotinoid-free plants.

Coconut-Derived Insect Repellent More Effective than the Hazardous DEET  (Beyond Pesticides, November 6, 2018) 'Scientists... have discovered natural compounds derived from coconut oil that are more effective than DEET at repelling mosquitoes, ticks, biting flies, bed bugs and other insects. Given the long-lasting efficacy of the compounds researchers tested, commercialization could make the regular use of toxic insect repellents, like DEET, obsolete. Scientists zeroed in on a blend of C8 (caprylic acid), C10 (capric acid), and C12 (lauric acid) fatty acids as the most effective repellent mixture. Individually, only C12 exhibited anywhere near the same efficacy as the specific blend identified.'

Bugs  additional fact sheets Living with Bugs: Least-toxic Solutions to Everyday Bug Problems by Jack DeAngelis, Ohio State University, 2009, companion book to ‘Bugs website, covering 50+ most common household pests with drawings and photographs to help with identification

             Cockroaches (information below)

Many of these pests and more are each covered by a slide in the power point presentation of SNAP's Organic Gardening class. Also see Additonal information below

If you do a google search on ants, aphids, or any pest you are dealing with on the major websites I have listed in alternatives (NCAPPANNA, or Beyond Pesticides), you can likely find other ideas and a much more complete answer.

Below is extra information on ants, aphids, bed bugs, cockroaches, fleas, grasshoppers, lice, mosquitoes and ticks.

Additional information on certain pests

view details »



  • Enough ladybugs and lacewings usually take care of this but it was a cool spring and it may take them a while to catch up to infestations as I saw so few of them this year.
  • Usually, a strong jet of water a few times/day should dislodge them, or insecticidal soap should be helpful. I don't recommend pyrethrins and many people react badly to them and they are not natural. Think of the Raid ad: 'nature with industry's help'. They are manufactured to be more potent and last longer.
  • Lights Out for Aphids (Beyond Pesticides, November 13, 2012) There’s a new tool in the fight against aphids. Research published in the journal Horticultural Science discovered that reducing the amount of ultra-violet (UV) light in an environment can shrink the population of an aphid infestation.    The researchers note that UV radiation acts as an important visual cue not only for aphids, but also other insect pests such as whiteflies, moths, and thrips.

Bed bugs 

  • Bed Bugs? Chemical Pesticides Aren’t the Answer (EWG, October 4, 2018) with link to the excellent University of Minnesota site Let's Beat the Bed Bugs

  • Managing Bed Bugs Without Harmful Pesticides  (NCAP: Northwest Center for Alternatives to Pesticides, Feb 3, 2014) This 12 minutes video discusses strategies for preventing and managing bed bugs without pesticides. It includes information about potential health risks of foggers, bug bombs, and other chemicals commonly used for bed bug treatment. It also teaches you to identify the various stages of bed bugs.

  • A resource for local governments on dealing with bedbugs:

  • Kill Bed Bugs with Heat   100% Success Rate. 100% Guaranteed Serving Regina and Saskatchewan. Also use a dog for bed bug detection. 

  • A one pager on how to handle bed bug problems from a Canadian leader in alternatives (Environmental Health Association of Quebec, spring 2011 newsletter p.7)
  • PANNA search on bed bugs includes the following:    Got Bed Bugs? Don't Panic from Beyond Pesticides is a very comprehensive article dealing with identification, detection including where to look for them, as well as prevention and control.
  • Don't Let the Bedbugs Bite! from Scientific American subtitle: pest management proves more effective than pesticides. This is a more traditional article comparing IPM versus regular pest control in effectiveness and cost.
  • Bedbugs May Be Controlled by Natural Fungus  (Beyond Pesticides, November 29, 2012)  The fungus is also an effective biological control for many other household pests, including termites, aphids, and chinch bugs.
  • Yet Again, Researchers Prove Bed Bugs Resistant to Common Pesticides (Beyond Pesticides, June 7th, 2012) A new study confirms several other recent study findings on the inability of commonly used pyrethroid based pesticide products to control bed bug infestations. The results reinforce the voices of concerned citizens and environmental groups calling for a wider adoption of proven, non-toxic methods to manage bed bugs and other ...  

  • Drug Will Turn Your Blood into a Pesticide Toxic to Bed Bugs(Beyond Pesticides, November 16, 2012) New research suggests that the drug Stromectal (manufactured by Merck & Co.), which is typically used to treat parasitic worms, may also kill bed bugs. The active ingredient in the drug is ivermectin, which has also been getting publicity recently for its efficacy in killing head lice. Unfortunately, ivermectin, a member of the avermectin family of compounds, appears risky, and even unnecessary given that there are safe non-toxic methods to control and prevent bed bug and head lice infestations. 

Beetle - Red Lily  How to kill Red Lily Beetle - homemade remedy

Cockroaches - Preventive Practices Work Best


Fruit Flies





  • Ecological Tick Management Workshop (Beyond Pesticides 2016 conference workshsop) up to date info on tick management tools from a tick and tick transmitted diseases researcher, and a preserve manager successful in tick management with cedar chips and cedar oil. SNAP Warning: some people may be allergic to cedar but lots of other options presented.

  • .Least-Toxic Control of Ticks. (Beyond Pesticides factsheets)